Since its inception in 1974, Hong Kong’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) has embraced a three-pronged approach of law enforcement, prevention and community education to fight corruption. With the support of the Government and the community, Hong Kong has now become one of the cleanest jurisdictions in the world. With the community, the ICAC is committed to fighting corruption through effective law enforcement, education and prevention to help keep Hong Kong fair, just, stable and prosperous.
The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) of New South Wales, Australia was established by their Government in 1988 in response to growing community concern about the integrity of the state’s public administration. The ICAC's principal functions are set out in NSW’s Independent Commission Against Corruption Act, 1988 as: a) to investigate and expose corrupt conduct in the NSW public sector, b) to actively prevent corruption through advice and assistance, and c) to educate the NSW community and public sector about corruption and its effects. The jurisdiction of the ICAC extends to all NSW public sector agencies (except the NSW Police Force) and employees, including government departments, local councils, members of Parliament, ministers, the judiciary and the governor. The ICAC's jurisdiction also extends to those performing public official functions.
The Integrity Commission of Trinidad and Tobago is established by the Constitution of Trinidad and Tobago. It is an independent body comprising five members appointed by the country’s President in accordance with Section 4 of Trinidad and Tobago’s Integrity in Public Life Act, 2000. The independence of the Commission is made clear in Section 5(2)(a) of the Act which states that, “In the exercise of its powers and performance of its functions under this Act, the Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority.” The agency’s vision is to “promote Integrity and make Trinidad and Tobago corruption free.”
The Integrity Commission of the Turks and Caicos Islands is an independent anti-corruption agency which was established by the Turks and Caicos Islands Integrity Commission Ordinance, 2008 and formally inaugurated in May 2010. It is now enshrined in the Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution as one of the Institutions protecting good governance. The Commission functions through a Chairman and five other members who meet at least once every month to decide on all matters within the constitutional and statutory remit of the Commission. Members are appointed by the Governor in the manner prescribed by the Integrity Commission Ordinance as amended. Its daily operations are carried out by Director-led executive team comprising broadly of Compliance, Enforcement, Public Education and Administrative units.
The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) is a specialist prosecuting authority in the UK tackling the top level of serious or complex fraud, bribery and corruption. They are part of the UK criminal justice system covering England, Wales and Northern Ireland, but not Scotland, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands. The SFO takes on a small number of large economic crime cases and also pursues criminals for the financial benefit they have made from their crimes and assists overseas jurisdictions with their investigations into serious and complex fraud, bribery and corruption cases. The SFO was created and given its powers under the UK’s Criminal Justice Act, 1987 and was established in 1988. The SFO is superintended by the UK Attorney General.